Dilemmas are different from ordinary problems. Problems have solutions, while dilemmas are more about resolution than solution. Consider the following dilemmas, which I hear about on a regular basis:
How can I let myself be happier… without losing my drive to do better?
How can I set better boundaries and say no… without coming off as selfish or mean?
How can I learn to express my true feelings… without risking being taken advantage of or humiliated?
How can I influence others… without manipulating or triangulating?
How can I go for what I want… without feeling guilty or selfish?
How can I connect better with other people… without feeling fake or phony?
How can I eat less… without feeling deprived?
How can I learn to relax… without losing my edge?
Resolving dilemmas like these seriously challenge us in three ways:
It won’t be quick.
It won’t be easy.
You’ll have to do something different.
So, the bad news is that the resolution of a dilemma requires change. Somehow you must find a way to disrupt your ingrained, habitual, conditioned behavioral pattern and replace it with something fresh, new, and different enough that you get what you want. That’s the good news — you get what you want.
That’s why I like doing this work so much; I get to work with people on the things that make life worth living. And, what could be more satisfying than getting to help people get what they most deeply desire?
More good news — you can change more quickly and easily than you thought. Recent research suggests that the ability to change ourselves is actually easier and faster than was once believed. I’m not talking about a New Year’s resolution or “I’m fired up from a motivational talk” temporary behavior change. I’m saying that our personalities, the very traits that define who we are, are more flexible and changeable than previously thought possible. A meta-analysis of over 200 studies by Brent Roberts, Phd, and his colleagues at the University of Illinois revealed that even relatively brief courses of therapy, averaging about six months, can shift such traits as emotional stability and extraversion.
Brett Steenbarger, PhD, and his colleagues at the State University of New York specialize in the teaching and practice of brief approaches to counseling and psychotherapy. Steenbarger primarily works with traders and portfolio managers in “trading psychology” and how traders can improve their performance and personal lives. In a recent text, The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies, Steenbarger and his colleagues reviewed the major evidence-based forms of brief therapies. They found that, consistent with other studies, the specific type of therapy doesn’t seem to matter. They also discovered what three essential ingredients do matter. Their review found that a trio of factors create the conditions “allowing profound changes to occur, often within a matter of months”:
Active Engagement: The use of a supportive relationship to encourage and sustain focused change efforts and promote an environment of hope and optimism
Discrepancy: The ability of therapy to provide powerful emotional experiences that disrupt old patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior, while promoting the exploration of new patterns
Consolidation: The ongoing reinforcement and rehearsal of the new patterns so that they become internalized as fresh parts of the self
Before we get too excited, let’s think big-picture. This is not intensive psychotherapy for serious forms of debilitating, abnormal behavior. This is a newly emerging branch of psychology with a focus on treating not just mental illness, but also on how to cultivate mental wellness. In other words, it’s the scientific study of how ordinary people deal adaptively and intelligently with the inevitable and unavoidable curveballs of life, such as adversity, difficulties, obstacles, and setbacks.
What keeps me excited and engaged — and not burned out — is that it’s not just about getting rid of something you don’t want, be it depression, bad relationships, anxiety, or addiction. It’s also about getting something you do want in the process, like better relationships, more peace of mind, more happiness, and meaning in life.
Even though the prognosis is usually good, not every issue responds equally well. For example, the meta-analysis revealed that people with anxiety disorders changed the most and those with substance abuse issues changed the least.
Finally, let’s not pull any punches. If you take a close look at the three factors that make profound change possible in a relatively short period of time, you’ll notice it’s not a casual approach. In fact, you must be “all in” to win.
The University of Illinois researchers quantified how counseling stacks up with a do-it-yourself approach: If you are really counseling-adverse, you can work on your own for 40 years and get halfway there — or you can accomplish the same result in less than a year. The catch? You’ll need a little help to get there.